Colombia, on South America's northern tip, is unique as the only country on the continent to boast both Atlantic and Pacific coastlines. Its awe-inspiring landscape is marked by rainforests, the soaring Andes Mountains and numerous coffee plantations. [ReadMoreMob]
A country lush with Amazonian jungle, Colombia is a natural wonderland of diverse fauna and flora, thanks to its position on the equator and a vast range of ecosystems. A breath-taking mix of swamped rainforests, subtropical valleys, paradise islands and snow-capped mountains provides the perfect natural habitat for some of the world's most enchanting plant and animal life.
Colombia is also renowned for its rich colonial history, diverse cultures and captivating cities such as Bogotá – the colourful, sprawling capital – and charming Cartagena. An enthralling city, Cartagena is widely considered the most striking colonial city in South America. It reveals Colombia's fascinating Spanish-influenced heritage through beautiful, centuries-old architecture.
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
San Felipe de Barajas Castle
The magnificent Castle of San Felipe de Barajas is one of Cartagena’s main sights, and is regarded by many as the most outstanding feat of Spanish military engineering in the New World. Construction on the castle began in the 16th century and continued over 120 years.
Colombia is renowned across the globe for its emeralds, producing approximately two thirds of the world’s supply of these precious stones. The majority of emerald mining in Colombia takes place in the regions of Boyacá and Cundinamarca, on the eastern slope of the Andes.
Cartagena’s old city boasts some of the most impressive architecture in South America, and is a must-see for any visitor here. Construction began towards the end of the 16th century and took almost 200 years to complete due to destruction from piracy and storm damage.