Eight hundred years have shaped the unique appearance and rich traditions of Latvia’s capital, Riga. The Gothic spires that dominate its skyline imply a sombre heart, but the rich Art Nouveau spirit of this diverse city, the largest of all three Baltic capitals, is a delight to discover.
Set at the mouth of the River Daugava, the cultural centre of Riga has been an important centre for trade and finance over the centuries, and boasts fine examples of architecture, museums and concert halls.[ReadMoreMob] The city’s modern urban structures blend seamlessly with medieval castles, churches and the wooden buildings of its medieval Old Town. The pedestrian-only Old Town – now a UNESCO World Heritage – has many shops and restaurants and is home to the bustling Livu Square.
Old Town of Riga
The Old Town of Riga is where you will find many of the city’s highlights, such as St James Church, the House of the Livonian Noble Corporation (Parliament building), Riga Castle, Riga Dome Cathedral, House of the Blackheads, New Town and the Freedom Monument. You can also discover the remnants of the old city walls which are still visible in some parts. It is a lovely part of the city to just relax with a drink and take in the atmosphere of Riga.
Art Nouveau District
Riga is internationally famous for its beautiful Art Nouveau quarter, which you will find to the north of the city. Home to colourful, late 19th century buildings, this district is large, central and therefore a good place for a peaceful stroll. The heart of the Art Nouveau district is Alberta Street, where every building is of Art Nouveau style, and it is also where the Art Nouveau Museum is situated, which is worth entering just to marvel at the impressive Art Nouveau staircases.
A visit to Riga is not complete until you have tried the city’s traditional drink – Black Balsam – which is a herbal liqueur. This traditional drink is widely found all over the city in restaurants, bars and shops, but be warned that it is very strong! It is said that the best place in Riga to enjoy this drink is in the Old Town.
St Peter's Church
Riga boasts many churches, however if you are wanting to visit one with a view, then St Peter’s church offers an unbeatable view of the city from its spire. From the top you can look down over Riga and its red roofs, cobbled streets and of course the Daugava River. Regardless of the weather, it will not disappoint. There is a lift which will take you to the top, however this can sometimes be rather crowded so the option of the stairs may be better.
Historic Centre of Riga (Art Nouveau)
The historic centre of Riga has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1997, due to the high concentration of Art Nouveau architecture, with roughly 800 houses built in this style around the city. As well as the impressive architecture, Riga is also known
for its historic Old Town, which became recognised as a national protected zone in 1967.
Gauja National Park
Gauja National Park is the oldest and largest national park in Latvia, opened in 1973 and covering more than 90,000 hectares, from Valmiera to Murjani. The park is located in the Gauja Valley, along the banks of the River Gauja. It is home to the Sietiniezis Rock, the largest white sandstone outcrop in Latvia, and Gutmanala Grotto, the largest grotto in the Baltics. Within the Park, there are also 500 monuments, including castles, churches, windmills and castle mounds, as well as three towns; Straupe, Sigulda and Cesis.