The magnificent Egyptian city of Alexandria is home to the site of the great Pharos Lighthouse – one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Alexandria’s Roman amphitheatre, ancient storied library and catacombs recall distant glories of this great Hellenic city, while the 19th century Montazah Palace Gardens and seafront boulevards reflect a more recent era.
Founded by Alexander the Great, Alexandria is a sparkling gem on the Mediterranean coastline.[ReadMoreMob] The birthplace of Cleopatra VII, the city is the cultural hub of the region, and gateway to the Giza pyramids and the River Nile. A short venture along the coast will uncover the fortress Citadel of Qaitbay teetering on the coast.
This sultry, bustling city has both ancient and modern history intertwined in every street. French-style parks and the occasional French street sign have survived as part of Napoleon’s legacy, and, as one of Alexandria's many conquerors, Greek restaurants and cafés still dominate the cultural scene.
Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza are a spectacle not to be missed during your visit to Alexandria. The Great Pyramid of Cheops, which was once the tallest structure on Earth, is said to be constructed of over two million stone blocks, each one weighing two and a half tons.
Widely regarded as the longest river in the world, the Nile drains eleven countries and was once the sole water source of one of the greatest civilizations in history.
The last true ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra was also a naval commander and medical author. As a polyglot, she was the first Ptolemaic leader to learn Egyptian.